A Record of Failure? (Encouragement for Creators)

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He was an American author who penned 55 novels, 83 short stories, over 200 poems and numerous movie scripts. The inventiveness of his Victorian-era fiction anticipated gadgets and trends that were decades away, such as television, laptop computers, wireless phones, and women in dangerous occupations. But mostly Lyman Baum was known for two things: his many children’s books; and his failure at just about every venture he tried before writing.

Lyman was born on May 15, 1856, in New York, into a prosperous and devout Methodist family. Lyman never cared for the name his father gave him, and instead went by his middle name, Frank. As a child he suffered from poor health and was tutored at home. He turned his interests to several creative pursuits such as writing. When he was 11, Lyman’s father purchased him a cheap printing press, and the boy spent many hours publishing thin journals and catalogs, mainly about stamp collecting.

When he was 20, Lyman took up poultry breeding, which at the time was a national craze. And although he published a monthly trade journal, The Poultry Record, and later wrote a book on the subject, the venture otherwise failed.

For awhile, Lyman worked in his brother’s dry goods store, but he was drawn to acting and the stage. In 1880, his father built him a theatre in Richburg, New York, and Lyman quickly wrote several plays, and assembled a stage company to perform his work. But while he was touring with the company, his theatre caught fire and burned to the ground, consuming all the props, costumes, and the only known copies of several of Lyman’s scripts.

In July 1888, Lyman and his wife moved to the Dakota Territory, where he opened a store that specialized in upscale merchandise. It was a very bad idea. Lyman was not a savvy businessman, and Baum’s Bazaar quickly went bankrupt. Lyman then turned to editing a local newspaper, The Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer, for which he wrote an often controversial column. The paper went under. The column went with it.

Very recognizable characters, as originally illustrated by William Denslow.

Failed chicken farmer, failed theatre manager, failed shop owner, failed newspaperman. It was time to try something else. So, at the age of 44, Lyman finally pursued one of his first loves, writing. First up, an unusual children’s novel based on whimsical stories he frequently shared with the neighboring kids. He finished The Emerald City on October 9, 1899. It was rejected so many times by so many publishers that Lyman kept a journal of all the rejection letters he received. He called it “A Record of Failure”!

One editor stated the book is “Too radical of a departure from traditional juvenile literature.” Lyman persevered, however, and found a publisher willing to print a modest run of 10,000 copies in January 1901. Within less than six months not only had the first printing sold out, but a second printing of 15,000 copies also was close to being depleted.

Since that time, L. Frank Baum’s The Wonderful Wizard Of Oz has sold over 15 million copies. The novel and it’s 13 sequels have been adapted into numerous movies, stage plays, and comics; and the wondrous Land of Oz continues to capture the imaginations of children of all ages. Not a bad finish to Lyman’s track record of failure!

“…But this one thing I do, forgetting those things which are behind and extending myself unto those things which are ahead, I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.” (Philippians 3:13 Jubilee Bible 2000)

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A Pal to Success (Encouragement for Creators)

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It’s a familiar plot in old Hollywood movies: something dire and unforeseen happens to prevent the star of a hit show from performing; but the show must go on! So a talented but as yet unknown understudy quickly steps into the role. And in a magical quirk of “fate,” a talent scout, who just happens to be in the audience that night, sees the potential of the understudy, and … a star is born!

We’re not sure how often this happens in real life, but we do know of one such success story from the Golden Age of Hollywood. The circumstances were a bit different, this time involving a stunt double working in a movie production. It’s an inspiring tale which should reassure creators of all kinds that dreams do come true!

MGM film studios were bringing a beloved novel to the big screen. Their casting department auditioned 1,500 performers for the plum role of the movie’s title character. One of these hopefuls was the hero of our little story, an unknown at the time, who was destined for legendary star status. Alas, however, he did NOT get the part. MGM casting felt his look was all wrong. They said his eyes were too big, and they weren’t crazy about the shape of his forehead!

MGM discovered and promoted many great movie stars during it heyday.

Despite their rather insulting opinions about our hero’s appearance, studio casting nonetheless recognized his talent. They hired him to be a stunt double for the star. Oh well, a job’s a job, right?

Hollywood veteran Fred M. Wilcox was hired to direct the new picture, and MGM asked him to produce a low-budget film shot in black and white. Wilcox, who was forced to find ways to stretch the film’s budget, decided to take advantage of a massive flooding of the San Joaquin River in central California. The river’s raging waters would afford the director free “special effects,” and add immeasurably to the movie’s quotient of thrills.

There was just one problem. The lead actor refused to go into the water — or anywhere near it, for that matter! Enter our hero, the stunt double.

The director needed to capture a complicated five-stage shot that called for the star to swim across the raging river, drag himself out on the far bank, where he was to lie down, then attempt to crawl while lying on his side. In the final stage of the shot, he was to lie motionless, totally exhausted. Our hero’s “manager,” a man named Rudd Weatherwax, approached Fred Wilcox and explained that his “boy” could do it — in one take! And he did!

Our hero’s performance was stellar. In fact, the director was so impressed by his new star’s performance that he had “tears in his eyes”! The executives at MGM were also impressed. They immediately released the original actor, and hired the stunt double to play the title role! They also realized their new star would guarantee the film’s success at the box office, so they upgraded it from B-movie status to an A-list production filmed in Technicolor.

Pal’s manager, Rudd Weatherwax (left), and director Fred M. Wilcox (right) discuss a scene with the popular movie star.

Hollywood’s newest discovery was a natural in front of the cameras! He performed with ease and enthusiasm, and he never required more than one or two takes. Oh, and he did his own stunts!

Who was this actor? What movie are we discussing. Please forgive us. The details we’ve shared are all true, and should inspire your fondest dreams of being discovered, or making the big-time; even if the details do pertain to a dog!

Pal (right) in a scene from Lassie Come Home, opposite his leading lady, Elizabeth Taylor.

Animal trainer Rudd Weatherwax first met the collie named Pal (June 4, 1940 – June 1958) when the dog’s owner brought him in for obedience training. Pal had a bad habit of chasing motorcycles; and although Weatherwax was unable to break the dog of the habit, he saw Pal’s potential in other areas. He purchased the collie in 1943, and took him to audition for the lead in MGM’s feature film Lassie Come Home. The rest is not only Hollywood history, but also a genuine piece of American pop culture.

Pal was the first Lassie. Actually, Pal was Lassie — in a successful string of six movies and two television pilots (which promptly sold and went into production as a series starring Pal’s son, Lassie, Jr.). The Lassie character, still played by collies from Pal’s bloodline, continues to delight kids of all ages. And Pal, the Patriarch of Pooch Performers, was described in The Saturday Evening Post as having “the most spectacular canine career in film history.”

Asked what advice he’d give to other creators and dreamers, Pal enthusiastically stated, “Woof, woof, woof!” (Translation: “Have fun chasing cars — and never give up on your dreams!”)

God, as much as any of us, loves a success story. And in life, He strongly supports the underdog! (Bad pun, but true statement.) And if a four-legged performer can make it, then so can you … whether in business, or the arts, or other pursuits.

Jesus said, “Look at the birds. They don’t plant or harvest or store food in barns, for your Heavenly Father feeds them. And aren’t you far more valuable to Him than they are? …And if God cares so wonderfully for wildflowers that are here today and thrown into the fire tomorrow, He will certainly care for you. Why do you have so little faith?” (Matthew 6:26, 30 NLT)

Have faith. Work hard and continue to create good works. And follow your dreams!

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